SEARCH FOR POINT SOURCES OF ULTRAHIGH-ENERGY GAMMA-RAYS IN THE SOUTHERN SKY (2 out of 3)

SEARCH FOR POINT SOURCES OF ULTRAHIGH-ENERGY GAMMA-RAYS IN THE SOUTHERN SKY

ALLEN WH, BOND IA, BUDDING E, CONWAY MJ, DANIEL A, FENTON KB, FUJII H, FUJII Z, HAYASHIDA N, HIBINO K, HONDA M, HUMBLE JE, KABE S, KASAHARA K, KIFUNE T, LYTHE GD, MASAIKE A, MATSUBARA Y, MITSUI K, MIURA Y, MORI M, MURAKI Y, NAGANO M, NAKAMURA T, NISHIZAWA M, MORRIS PM, OGIO S, SAITO T, SAKATA M, SATO H, SHIMIZU HM, SPENCER M, STOREY JR, TANIMORI T, TESHIMA M, TORII S, WADSWORTH A, WATASE Y, WOODHAMS MD, YAMAMOTO Y, YOCK PCM, YUDA T

PHYSICAL REVIEW D
v. 48(#2) pp. 466-478 1993


Institutions:

Abstract:

A search for point sources of gamma rays with energies greater than or similar to 100 TeV which has been made by the JANZOS Collaboration using an array of plastic scintillators located at Black Birch mountain in New Zealand is reported. The physical characteristics of the array are described, and also the techniques which have been used to analyze the data. Measurements of the angular resolution of the array using the Moon and/or Sun shadowing technique, and also a comparison test with the JANZOS array of Cerenkov mirrors, are reported. About 80 million events were observed in the period October 1987 to January 1992. Upper limits on the average gamma-ray fluxes at energies greater than or similar 100 TeV from SN 1987A, Vela Pulsar Vela X-1, LMC X-4, Sco X-1, Cen X-3, SMC X-1, Galactic Center, Cen A, 4U1145-619, 2Al822-371, and PSR1706-44 in this period are reported. The limits are compared with previous measurements which were made at various energies by several groups. Monthly measurements for the flux from SN1987A are also reported, and a search of the southern sky for unknown sources of ultrahigh energy gamma rays is described. Some plans for future observations are given.

Keywords:

COSMIC-RAYS; VELA X-1; PARTICLE-ACCELERATION; SUPERNOVA 1987A; 1ST OBSERVATION; CENTAURUS-A; UPPER LIMIT; SN 1987A; 100 TEV; LMC X-4

Categories:

PHYSICS, PARTICLES & FIELDS

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