European Union European Industrial Doctorates

Freak Waves & Breaking Wave Impact on Offshore Structures

The Maritime Research Institute Netherlands MARIN is a world-leading institute for hydrodynamic research and maritime technology. The complimentarity of the proposed research for a junior team of ESRs is demonstrated in practical terms by the translation of actual maritime engineering needs at MARIN in terms of mathematical and numerical models. In the first research work package, the maritime engineering requirement for stable numerical wave simulators concerning actual wave basins is met mathematically by the exploitation of variational space-time integrators to establish robust numerical handling of wavemakers. In the second research work package, the maritime engineering requirement is to be able to model nonbreaking and breaking waves efficiently and in unison. Augmented by innovations from academic research, the models will then be returned for validation concerning wave impact at offshore wind turbines, and use in the maritime engineering practice. In essence, the synergy of the subprojects arises from an integrated research and training plan: the multidisciplinary work plans complete the circle of translating practical industrial demands into training in mathematical modelling. Wave slamming and wave breaking pose significant problems for maritime shipping and offshore structures. Both are areas of key strategic economic investment for a number of European countries as respects the development of sustainable industrial and commercial transport and renewable energy policy. The modelling produced here can subsequently returned back to the industrial consulting practice for use in testing, which will ultimately lead to a competitive commercial advantage for high-tech maritime consulting and ship building across Europe. Skilling a new generation of researchers to work and communicate across national boundaries, disciplines and sectors is vital for the future competitive health of these sectors.


  • Trondheim, Norway June 2017: Floriane Gidel and Onno Bokhove at OMAE 2017 -36th Int. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering.
  • Busan, South Korea, June 2016: Tomasz Salwa and Onno Bokhove at OMAE 2016 -35th Int. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering.
  • Floriane and Tomasz at Cafe Scientifique Headingley, Leeds, November 2nd 2015
  • Participation in FEniCS 2015 June/July, Imperial College, London
  • Mid-term meeting Leeds, November 9th 2015
  • Conference participation: OMAE, EGU 2016, 2017, 2018
  • Meeting at MARIN, May 2015
  • Kick-off Meeting at MARIN Oct. 1st 2014

  • News

  • Team workshop at MARIN: 29 January 2018.
  • 04-12-2017: Floriane Gidel wins Leeds' University Post Graduate of the year 2017 with presentation (YouTube): Variational water-wave models and pyramidal freak waves -with implications for global shipping
  • Team workshops at MARIN: 31 August 2017, May 2017, 14&15 April 2016.
  • Conference participation: OMAE2016 (Salwa/Bokhove), EGU 2016 (Gidel), Sjanghai 2016 (Gidel/Bokhove).
  • Mid-term meeting Nov. 2015 Leeds with Piotr Kasprzyk (Intro EU), Dr. Antonios Zervos (Southampton), partners: Gidel, Salwa, Dr. Bunnik, Ir. Kapsenberg, Prof. Kelmanson, Prof. Hollerbach, Bokhove
  • Outreach (Word press blog & public facebook) events School of Maths Open days Sept 12th, Oct 10th 2015
  • January 2015: Early Stage Researchers Floriane Gidel and Tomasz Salwa passed their training courses Fluid Dynamics (EPSRC Fluid Dynamics Center in Leeds) and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. First EU project results in Firedrake (FG).

  • © 2018 Onno Bokhove
    Template by Andreas Viklund. Panorama: Fugro GEOS. Photos: Breaking wave hitting a mono-pile offshore structure in the North Sea, Extreme wave hitting a wind turbine tower during model tests (MARIN).